Reference values: A building block on the road to social equality

A quick and cost-effective method calculates living wages and incomes for many different countries. The GIZ together with Fairtrade International and Richard and Martha Anker have developed a tool that companies can use to easily analyse income and wage gaps.

 

Food market in Abidjan. ©GIZ
Food market in Abidjan. ©GIZ

Friederike Martin

Friederike Martin is one of the leading experts on livelihoods in agricultural supply chains and works as a member of the Sustainable Agricultural Supply Chains and Standards Programme of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH. She is one of the co-founders of the international working group "The Living Income Community of Practice" and advises partners from politics and business on the calculation and implementation of living income and wages. Friederike holds a Master in Agricultural Economics from the Humboldt University of Berlin and the China Agricultural University.

 

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)

GIZ

Many companies have acknowledged that it is in their own interest for small-scale producers to receive living incomes. And it is important to know here how high a living wage should be. Complete studies on this are often time-consuming and expensive.  But there is a new method to overcome this hurdle. The GIZ together with Fairtrade and the living wages experts Richard and Martha Anker have developed a quick and cost-effective alternative for calculating living wages and incomes around the world. The development was supported by the Global Living Wage Coalition and the Living Income Community of Practice as well as other partners.

 

 

The demand for “benchmarks” is growing

The method of quick calculation is particularly helpful for gaining an initial impression of the situation and identifying the sectors in which wages and incomes are particularly low. Benchmarks can also be quickly calculated for countries which are not so easy to travel. This means that the cost of living can be revealed for conflict zones or regions that are difficult to access. The number of companies and organisations requesting estimates of living wages and incomes has significantly increased in the last few years. Measuring the differences between what producers in global delivery chains earn and what they and their families need for a decent standard of living is the basis for working with all relevant players to improve the life situation of the people in the Global South. Therefore, these reference values have long become an important component of international cooperation.

 

New method: Values for regions, not locations

The Anker reference values are calculated based on 40 existing Anker studies (11 in Africa, 20 in Asia and 9 in Latin America). They show the average living wage and income for rural and urban areas within each country instead of a specific location. By analysing past data, reference values will predict how high the living net wage (or take-home pay) is and how high the living income for a certain developing country should be. The margin of error is no more than ten per cent.

 

Living wages and income are analysed as net values. Compulsory payroll deductions and income taxes etc. are currently not included. Each year, the reference values are updated to take into account inflation, economic development and changes to the level of income tax.



The first 16 Anker reference values for living wages and incomes as well as reference values with country profiles can now be found at the following links: https://www.globallivingwage.org/

 

In the following online training course, find out more about the new method for calculating living wages and incomes: https://vimeo.com/436783506 and the subsequent discussion can be accessed here: https://vimeo.com/438277937

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