Mozambique

Germany and Mozambique have been cooperating since 1977 in the field of development. Cooperation is focused on the goals set out in the Marshall Plan with Africa and the African Union's Agenda 2063.

 

Capital

Maputo

Offical Language

Portuguese

Area

801,590 km²

Population

approx. 28,86 Million

Population growth

2.45 %

Rural Population

64 % of the overall population

Gross Domestic Product

14.4 Billion US Dollars

Annual Income per Capita

Approx.  475 US Dollars

Agriculture as a share of GDP

24.52 % (as of 2018)

Severity of hunger according to the World Hunger Index

serious (WHI: 28.8)

Human Development Index

Index: 0,446 / Rank: 180 of 189

Working together to emerge from crisis

When Mozambique's civil war ended in 1992, the political and economic situation began to improve continuously, albeit very moderately.
In 2015, however, the situation began to worsen again and the country is currently mired in crisis and facing deepseated challenges. Opposing political sides are engaged in frequently violent conflict, the country is in dire economic straits and there is widespread corruption and high public debt.
What is more, Mozambique has been repeatedly hit by extreme weather events such as flooding, drought and cyclones. In 2016, the El Niño phenomenon inflicted on the country the worst drought in decades. Experts predict that Mozambique will be badly hit by climate change.

 

Extreme poverty

 

Despite significant overall economic growth between 1992 and 2015, Mozambique remains one of the poorest countries in the world. World Bank figures show 46 per cent of the population living below the national poverty line. Around 30 per cent of the population are undernourished and life expectancy is just 58 (in Germany it is 81).
Mozambique currently ranks 180th out of 189 countries on the Human Development Index (HDI).

 

Development cooperation

 

The main aim of German development cooperation with Mozambique is to support the country in its efforts to reduce poverty. The focus is on sustainable economic development that benefits the entire population. One major aspect is providing access to education and training and job prospects for all young people. It is also important to ensure that citizens gain trust in public institutions and can access public services.
Germany is working with Mozambique on three priority areas: basic and vocational education, sustainable economic development, and decentralisation and public finance.
It is also supporting efforts to improve Mozambique's energy supply, help it to adapt to climate change and conserve natural resources.

 

 

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